Every year several million people visit Mashad tourist attractions and the absolute majority of them (over 20 million) are religious travelers going there for pilgrimage.
Mashhadis the second most populous city in Iran and capital of Razavi Khorasan Province. It is located in the northeast of the country, close to the borders of Turkmenistan and Afghanistan.
The shrine of Imam Reza
The name Mashhad comes from Arabic, meaning the place of martyrdom the place where Ali ar-Ridha (Persian, Imam Reza), the eighth Imam of Shia Muslims, was martyred and so his shrine was placed there.
Mashad itself has grown into a large industrialized city as well. In ancient times, it has been on the Silk Road passing through north east of Iran. The location, historical events and the religious reasons have all contributed to the growing importance of the city.
Apart from Imam Reza shrine, there are a number of large parks, the tombs of historical celebrities in nearby Tus and Nishapur, the tomb of Nader Shah and KoohSangi park.Among the other sights are the tomb of the poet Ferdowsi in Tus, 24 kilometers distance, and the summer resorts at Torghabeh, Torogh, Akhlamad, Zoshk, and Shandiz
Mashhad features a steppe climatewith hot summers and cool winters. The city only sees about 250 mm of precipitation per year, some of which occasionally falls in the form of snow.